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GROW YOUR KNOWLEDGE

THROUGH READING THE LATEST RESEARCH FINDINGS 

We update these pages regularly to provide you with the latest research updates conducted by credible institutions and sources. You can find the categorised groups at the bottom of the page. Sign up for our free membership and follow us on our social meida to get monthly updates on the latest findings! 

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'High caffeine consumption may be linked to increased glaucoma risk'

UCL - Jihye Kim et al.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2020.12.009

8 June 2021 (Article)

The study analyzed the caffeine intake and DNA samples of 120,000 adults aged 39 to 73. The results suggested that high caffeine intake is associated with greater chance of glaucoma (i.e., excess pressure within the eyeball), as measured in IOP.

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'Neurological symptoms like fatigue common in mild Covid'

UCL - Jonathan P. Rogers et al.

DOI: 10.1136/jnnp-2021-326405

4 June 2021 (Article)

Researchers have conducted a systematical review on 215 papers about the physical and psychological symptoms exerpienced by Covid patients. The results suggested that those experiencing mild Covid may suffer from neurological symptoms such as fatigue, loss of small and taste. Such may be moderated by psychological factors such as stress and anxiety.

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'Extra classroom time may do little to help pupils recover lost learning after COVID-19'

Univeristy of Cambridge - Vaughan Connolly

DOI: 10.14324/LRE.19.1.17

28 May 2021 (Article)

Measuring the GCSE scores among year 11 students in 2800 schools in England, the findings suggest that increasing classroom time for an hour could only produce moderate improvement. Rather, the researchers suggest a more targeted teaching method to account for the students' learning needs, which were aggravated by Covid.

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'New insight into protein production in brain could help tackle dementia'

Univeristy of Cambridge - Fotini Vasilopoulos, Michelle R. Ellefson

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0250984

20 May 2021 (Article)

Researchers have found that physical activity has a positive knock-on effect for academic performance. Furthermore, the results suggested the disadvantaged children often lack the chance to participate in sports, calling schools to pay more attention to enable students for physical activities rather than increasing classroom time in post-Covid period.

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'New insight into protein production in brain could help tackle dementia'

UCL - Roberto Simone et al.

DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-03556-6

19 May 2021 (Article)

Researchers, for the first time, found the a layer of genetic material associated with the control of tau production, which is a critical protein in the development of degenerative disorders, such as  the Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease.

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'Childhood abdominal pain may be linked to disordered eating in teenagers'

University of Oxford - Kate Stein et al.

DOI: 10.1002/eat.23513

13 May 2021 (Article)

A correlational study carried out on "Children of the 90s’ population cohort of 14,000 children in the UK" discovered the association that recurrent abdominal pain in childhood, the most common gastro-intestinal complaint of childhood, may potentially leads to the occurence of eating disorders and weight control problems in teenagers.

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'New mothers twice as likely to have post-natal depression in lockdown'

UCL - Sarah Myers, Emily H. Emmott

DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.648002

11 May 2021 (Article)

A recent study found the portion of mothers who give birth to babies during the Covid-19 first lockdown in London (47.5%) suffered from post-natal depression were twice of that before pandemic (23%). Those with more than one child were hardest hit.

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'Vulnerable older people more likely to experience depression and anxiety during pandemic'

UCL - Giorgio Di Gessa, Debora Price

DOI: 10.1136/jech-2021-216405

5 May 2021 (Article)

Older people classified as clinically vulnerable were found to be more likely to experience deterioration in health and social well-being during the pandemic.

Inpatient Drug Abuse Treatment

'Substance use and depression more closely linked for generation Z teens'

UCL - Suzanne H. Gage, Praveetha Patalay

DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2021.03.002

23 April 2021 (Article)

Compared to the millennails (born in 1991-92) in Bristol area, the susbtance abuse behaviour of generation Z adolecents (2000-02) is more stronger associated with depression.

DNA Strand

'Researchers call for greater awareness of unintended consequences of CRISPR gene editing'

Univeristy of Cambridge - Gregorio Alanis-Lobato et al.

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2004832117

12 April 2021 (Article)

The researchers have revealed a lack in power of the conventional method in checking genetic mutations for CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing, which is a common research tool for editing sections of DNA in calls. While most of the CRISPR-Cas9-induced mutations were limited, around 16% of the samples contained large unintended mutations which may lead to severe consequences such as cancer. This calls for a more sensitive and accurate genome editing and monitoring for genetic studies on embryos. 

Math Exercises

'Poor children are being ‘failed by the system’ on road to higher education in lower-income countries'

Univeristy of Cambridge - Sonia Ilie, Pauline Rose, Anna Vignoles

DOI: 10.1002/berj.3723

7 April 2021 (Article)

This research examined the wealth status and education attainment among 3500 teenagers in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. The results suggested the wealthiest students were 30% more likely to enter tertiary education compared to the poorest ones. Such a pattern was not a product of difference in ability but socio-economic status, given that the disparity was manifested to a larger extent as children of the same potential progress to higher educational levels. Therefore, interventions targeting wealth gap should be implemented at an early age to tackle such disparity.

Friends Drinking Beer

'Heavier social media use linked to more frequent drinking in young people'

UCL - Yvonne Kelly, Linda Ng Fat.

21 April 2021 (Article)

The study examined the relationship between the frequency of social media usage (during weekdays) and alcohol intake among youngsters of age 10 to 19. The results suggested a higher likelihood for 10  to 15 years old to start drinking, which is illegal, as they used social media more regularly. A similar pattern is observed as teenagers aged 16 to 19 with more frequent social media usage having more serious binge drinking habit. Although the study did not include recent popular social media such as Snapchat, Instagram and TikTok, the findings have suggested that social media indirectly influenced drinking patters potentially via negative online experience and advertisement.

Sheet Music

'Making music tunes up wellbeing during lockdown'

Univeristy of Edinburgh - Raymond MacDonald et al.
DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.623640

25 February 2021 (Article)

Researchers at Edinburgh College of Art examined the experiences of the Glasgow Improvisers Orchestra, a diverse group of players. The Orchestra began improvisation sessions as a way of staying connected during lockdown. Musicians from other parts of the world were also invited to the Zoom sessions. The research found these sessions enhanced mood, lowered levels of loneliness and promoted a feeling of community during the first Covid-19 lockdown.

Autism Therapy

'Autism rates have increased and show differences in ethnic minorities and links to social disadvantage'

Univeristy of Cambridge - Carrie Allison et al. 
DOI: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0054

29 March 2021 (Article)

Black and Chinese pupils were 26% and 38% more likely to be autistic respectively and autistic children were much more likely to face significant social disadvantage. This study highlights the need for more attention to the unrecognised and differing needs of autistic children from disadvantaged and diverse backgrounds.

Beauty in Pigmentation

'High levels of racism could be fuelling poor health among minority groups'

University College London - Ruth A Hackett et al. 
DOI: 10.1186/s12889-020-09792-1.

09 March 2021 (Article)

According to a study carried out by the UK Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS), one in five individuals from an ethnic minority group were found to have experienced racial discrimination, which may be associated with higher likelihood to develop poorer mental and physical health after this experience.

Image by Adam Nieścioruk

'Improving the lives of patients with schizophrenia by managing anticholinergic burden'

University of Toronto - Waqas Ullah Khan et al.
DOI: 10.1093/schbul/sbaa093

23 March 2021 (Article)

Drugs administered to treat schizophrenia is found to have side-effects on the memory and cognitive abilities of patients aged 55 or above. This may rather harm the livelihood of the patients. Therefore, doctors should manage the dosage of the medication wisely and maybe apply cognitive trainings to reduce the side-effects of the drugs.

Image by CDC

'Can viruses hijack their hosts' circadian rhythms?'

University of Oxford - Xiaodong Zhuang et al.

DOI:10.1038/s41467-021-21821-0

26 March 2021 (Article)

The "circadian clock" regulates bodily processes (via hormone secretion) in a 24-hour cycle. Researchers have found a close relationship between the oxygen sensing system used by this "clock" and the viral replication pathways for Hepatitis B virus (HBV). This raises concerns on the effect of the "circadian clock" on the infection of other viruses.

Baby with Stethoscope

'Opinion: Pandemic babies - how Covid-19 has affected child development'

UCL - Sunil Bhopal, Pasco Fearon

11 March 2021 (Article) 

Receiving adequate social interaction and proper parenting is a massive challenge for babies born after lockdown in March 2020. Given the first few years of development is vital to one's personal growth, more longitudinal researches are needed to observe the long-term effects of the pandemic on one's development.

Mother Playing with Baby

'Video-led feedback programme reduces behaviour problems in children as young as 12 months'

University of Cambridge - Christine O’Farrelly et al.

DOI:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.6834

16 March 2021 (Article) 

Parents who received video-feedback of their interaction with their toddlers was found to effectively improve their parenting ability and lower the risk of developing challenging behaviours among toddlers aged one to two. Such an intervention seems to have massive practical implications for parenting programmes.

Friends Playing Video Games

'Boys who play video games have lower depression risk'

University College London -Kandola,A.,Owen, N., Dunstan, D. W., & Hallgren, M.

DOI:10.1017/S0033291721000258

19 February 2021 (Article)

Boys who regularly play video games at age 11 are less likely to develop depressive symptoms three years later while girls who spend more time on social media appear to develop more depressive symptoms.

Psychology Session

'Psychological ‘signature’ for the extremist mind uncovered'

University of Cambridge -Leor Zmigrod, Ian W. Eisenberg, Patrick G. Bissett, Trevor W. Robbins and Russell A. Poldrack

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0424

22 February 2021 (Article)

Cognitive dispositions—individual differences in how information is perceived and processed— sculpt individuals' ideological worldviews, e.g., conservatism and nationalism were related to greater caution in perceptual decision-making tasks and to reduced strategic information processing, while dogmatism was associated with slower evidence accumulation and impulsive tendencies.

DNA

'Video of ‘dancing DNA’ developed by researchers'

University College London -Alice Pyne, Bart Hoogenboom

DOI: 10.1038/nmeth.4455

24 February 2021 (Article) 

With stresses and strains placed on DNA, scientists are now able to observe these protein molecules in motion rather than just static photographs. The technique allowed researchers to examine every single atom in the DNA as if they are "dancing".

Eye

'Artificial ‘brain’ reveals why we can’t always believe our eyes'

University of Cambridge -Reuben Rideaux, Andrew E. Welchman

DOI: 10.1167/jov.20.11.275

25 February 2021 (Article) 

The artificial system namely the MotionNet allows the simulation of the neural network responsible for motion processing in the human brain. It does not only model visual illusions (e.g. reverse-phi motion) that are found already, but provide further insights about the underlying mechanisms.

Creative Thoughts

'Teaching pupils empathy measurably improves their creative abilities, study finds'

University of Cambridge -Helen Demetriou, Bill Nicholl 

DOI: 10.1177/1365480221989500

03 February 2021 (Article) 

The study working with two London secondary schools have revealed a significant improvement in creativity scores among pupils after applying a set of thinking tools compared to normal curriculum. This is accompanied by an increase in (cognitive) empathy and perspective-taking.

Sewing Equipments

'The Emergence of Personal Symbols through Story Cloth Process with Gifted Children'

Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek - Jelena Kovačević

DOI: 10.1080/10130950.2020.1783888

03 February 2021 (Article) 

Elementary school pupils with gifted art ability were found to have enhanced sense of companionship and wholesomeness. It was found that sewing activities influence the creation of personal symbols, which opens a window to assess children's emotions.

Molecules

'High insulin levels during childhood a risk for mental health problems later in life, study suggests'

University of Cambridge: Benjamin I. Perry, Jan Stochl, Rachel Upthegrove, Stan Zammit, Nick Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, Eleanor Winpenny, David Dunger, Peter B. Jones, Golam M. Khandaker

DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.4180

13 January 2021 (Article) 

A strong positive relationship between insulin levels from mid-childhood and risk of developing psychosis in adulthood is found. This has cast light onto the physical predictors of the onset of mental health problems. Further research is required to strengthen such link.

Smart Phone

'A new app explores the link between brain development and mental health'

UCL

Article 

17 December 2020

Hospital Staff

'New study shows mental health of ICU staff should be immediate priority' 

KCL:  Neil Greenberg, Dale Weston, Charlotte Hall, Tristan Caulfield, Victoria Williamson, Kevin Fong

DOI: 10.1101/2020.11.03.20208322

13 January 2021 (Article) 

A more severe mental health issue is found among ICU clinicians than nurses and doctors by a self-report questionnaire. This is probably due to the higher exposure to (potential) Covid patients, leading to heightened stress from the worries of catching and passing on of the disease. 

Drawing Face

'Smacking young children has long-lasting effects'

UCL Leonardo Bevilacqua, Kelly Yvonne, Anja Heilmann, Naomi Priest, Rebecca Lacey

DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104890

13 January 2021 (Article) 

Researchers studying childhood negative experience between the ages 3 to 14 have revealed long-term psychological effects on personal development. Children experiencing frequent corporal punishment tend to internalize problems, leading to greater risk of loneliness, anxiety and lack of confidence. Also, children with such experience are prompted to exihibit behavioural problems at age 14.

Distance Learning

'Learning boosts happiness more than rewards do'

UCL Bastien Blain, Robb B Rutledge

DOI: 10.7554/eLife.57977

5 January 2021 (Article)

Researchers in the eLife study revealed that participants' happiness depends not on the size of the rewards (e.g. monetary incentives) but whether they were able to predict the outcomes via the learning from experiences.

On the Phone

'New app to monitor Parkinson’s progression at home'

UCL and Birkbeck, University of London,

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41531-020-00135-w

18 December 2020

Music Festival

'The Voice of God in Revelation and Illness: understanding shared processes and differences through humanities, psychiatry, and experimental neuroscience'

King’s College London

Article

18 December 2020

Children's Play Space

'Research shows a link between the home environment and children’s development of self-regulation' 

Abstract Paint

'Understanding how a key mutation influences the development of schizophrenia'

University of Toronto

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-1103-1

15 December 2020

Black Puzzle Pieces

'Breakthrough disease mechanism behind Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) uncovered'

King’s College London

DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-20191-3

11 December 2020

Children in Yoga Class

'Significant increase in depression seen among children during first lockdown'

University of Cambridge 

DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2020-320372

08 December 2020

Kids' Paintings

'Art images aid communication on experience of pain in medical pain consultations'

University College Lodon -Padfield, Omand

DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.atol.v10i2.1324

15 November 2019

Artistic images reflecting chronic pain experience were found to be effective in aiding the interactive understanding of pain in clinical setting. One of the example within a case study would be a tiny, tiny doll sitting on a relatively large seat in the hospital, the client asked about whether resonance was induced by the specific picture.

Sheet Music

'Body positivity in music: Can listening to a single song help you feel better about your body?'

APA & Dr. Sarah M. Coyne

https://doi.org/10.1037/ppm0000273

05 November 2020

Blue Eyes

'Scientists have used gene therapy to regenerate damaged nerve fibres in the eye offers hope for future glaucoma treatment'

University of Cambridge -led research

https://doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-19436-y

05 November 2020

Modern Senior Woman


'Researchers show how to target a 'shape-shifting' protein in Alzheimer’s disease'

University of Cambridge -led research

https://doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abb5924

04 November 2020

Headache


'Earwax sampling could measure stress hormone'

Researchers at UCL and KCL

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05124

3 November 2020

 Young Woman Contemplating


'Marmoset study finds single brain region linking depression and anxiety, heart disease, and people’s sensitivity to treatment'

University of Cambridge - led

DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-19167-0

26 October 2020

Children Playing Outdoor


'The proportion of children experiencing a probable mental disorder has increased over the past three years'

NHS Digital & University of Cambridge

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05124

22 October 2020

Man in sweatshirt on beach


'Children and young people from low income backgrounds show elevated mental health difficulties throughout lockdown'

University of Oxford - Led Project

14 September 2020

Blood pressure reader


'Raised blood pressure and diabetes alter brain structure to slow thinking speed and memory'

Neuroscientist University of Oxford

7 September 2020

Abstract Paint

'How does art making work? Testing the hypothesized mechanisms of art making on pain experience'

University of Wisconsin USA

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2020.101200

August 2020

Happy Children


'Emotional words are easier for young children to learn'

UCL-led study ​

20 August 2020

Brain Sketch

 

'How depression impacts our brain as we age'

UCL-led research

https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.2020.123

Click image to read article - UCL

15 July 2020

Teenage Boy on Mobile Phone

'The Emerging Evidence series explores the impact of coronavirus on young people’s mental health'

UCL and the Evidence Based Practice Unit

30 June 2020

Painting Wall


'Encounters with artistic imagination contribute to people’s well-being' 

Totterdell, P., & Poerio, G. - University of Essex, University of Sheffield

https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000779

22 June 2020

Art Class

 

'Art therapy can be effective in improving children's quality of life'

Zoe Moula - University of Stirling 

https://doi.org/10.1080/17454832.2020.1751219

13 May 2020

Film Slate Marker


'Viewing Joker would be associated with higher levels of prejudice toward individuals with mental illness?' 

Damian Scarf, PhD, Hannah Zimmerman, BA, Taylor Winter, MSc,et al. 

https://doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3423

April 24 2020

Parent and Child at the Supermarket


'Responses needed for the first UK national survey supporting evidence for Attachment Interventions'

UCL and University of York

5 March 2020

Woman Holding a Mobile Phone

Do individuals who experience significant depressive symptoms interpret memes related to depression differently? 

UmairAkram, Jennifer Drabble, Glhenda Cau, Frayer Hershaw, Ashileen Rajenthran, Mollie Lowe, CarissaTrommelen & Jason G. Ellis

21 January 2020

READ BY CATEGORY

Watercolors

 arts 

 

AND

 

MENTAL WELLBEING

Learn more about the latest research and findings in relation to how arts affect mental wellbeing.

Doctor Analyzing X-Rays

 neuroscience

 

AND

 

biopsychology

Learn more about the latest research and findings of the brain and how it influences us.

Empty Chairs

MENTAL HEALTH

 

AND

 

social psychology

Learn more about the latest research and findings of how to improve mental health and understand how the changing world influence our mental wellbeing.

Children's Toys

child development

AND

learning

Learn more about the latest research and findings of how children grow and how to facilitate their learning and devlopment.